Tennis elbow is a very common arm injury and it is a condition wherein an individual feels severe pain along the elbow joint. Lateral epicondylitis is the medical term for this painful affliction. This condition is generally due to the overuse and/or abuse of the elbow. Such causes micro tears in the tendon of the lateral epicondyle or the bony region along the outer elbow. Tennis elbow indeed affects a huge number of tennis aficionados; however, the fact of the matter is that, anyone can get affected by it. The following are a few indications that you may have lateral epicondylitis or tennis elbow.
- Inflammation or swelling of the elbow and in some cases, the rest of the forearm
- Increased pain each time you move your wrist or actions which extends the fingers like for example unscrewing the lid of a jar or clenching your fist
- Tenderness and stiffening of the elbow joint
The Common Causes of Tennis Elbow
- One of the prime causes of this type of injury is the prolonged and repeated use of the forearm.
- This condition can also take place as the result of recurrent movement of the forearm, in a way which causes excessive strain to the wrist and elbow; thus, eliciting elbow pain. This often occurs whenever you are playing certain tennis strokes, whereby pressure is caused as the result of the force you use in hitting the tennis ball. Wrong way of gripping the tennis racket as well as poor technique can also lead to the onset of tennis elbow. But then again, as what was mentioned earlier, this condition is not limited to players of the said sport. It can affect people whose nature of work requires excessive use of the forearm and this includes laborers when lifting heavy objects by hand, artists while they paint, carpenters, gardeners and the like.
- Age is also another contributing factor to the acquisition of this debilitating condition. Countless of scientific studies have been conducted and it showed that people who are generally affected by tennis elbow are those who are in the thirty to sixty age group. Then again, those who are outside this age range can also very well get affected.
- In some rare cases, it can also result due to the sudden jerky movement or direct blow along the elbow area. The onset in most cases is slow in nature and lateral epicondylitis treatment options are a many. Tennis elbow straps or braces, non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs, hot & cold compress are just some of your many treatment options.